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Tolle Christian's Finest Hour, Fleurus, 1622 by FritzVicari Tolle Christian's Finest Hour, Fleurus, 1622 by FritzVicari
ENGLISH (based on Art of Warre's review of W.Krüssmann, Ernst von Mansfeld (1580-1626) crossfireamersfoort.wordpress.… , various portraits of Christian IV, W. Guthrie, Battles of the Thirty Years' War 1618-35):

(continues from fritzvicari.deviantart.com/art… )

The battle of Fleurus begun on August 29th, 1622, at dawn. The tercios of Cordoba intended to held their position, blocking the armies of Mansfeld and Brunswick and eventually destroying them. The catholics could count on a good position, better trained and equipped units and a stronger artillery. The protestants' only interest was to break the enemy lines to continue their march towards the Netherlands.

Mansfelder cavalry openend the battle, engaging the spaniards in a furious assault in the center. The tercios were forced to regroup in large, defensive positions, easy targets for the only two cannons Mansfeld had.
But Mansfeld cavalry was hit by musketeers positioned in the woods and could not break through. Meanwhile, Christian von Brunswick on the right wing charged spanish and walloon cavalry four times, trying to outflank the enemy position. A fifth and maybe a sixth charge were launched against the spanish infantry. The drawing is set during one of those charges.
In the foreground, Christian, wearing an outdated armor built in England (known as Greenwich armor). It was given him by the prince of Wales, Henry Frederick (died in 1612): here's a portrait from 1623. upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia… . Such a precious item would have hardly been brought into battle, yet I decided to give the Duke a distinctive look from the "standard" (yet probably more realistic) black-armoured cuirassier of the Thirty Years War.
"Tolle Christian" was the nickname given to the duke by the catholics, meaning literally "mad Christian".


ITALIANO (basato sulla recensione del blog Art of Warre su W.Krüssmann, Ernst von Mansfeld (1580-1626) crossfireamersfoort.wordpress.…, vari ritratti di Cristiano di Brunswick, W. Guthrie, Battles of the Thirty Years' War 1618-35)

(Continua da fritzvicari.deviantart.com/art… )
La battaglia di Fleurus iniziò all'alba del 29 Agosto, 1622.
I tercios di Cordoba erano determinati a mantenere la posizione e a bloccare e distruggere gli eserciti di Mansfeld e Brunswick. I cattolici potevano contare su buone posizioni difensive, ottime unità di fanteria e sette pezzi d'artiglieria, contro i due dei protestanti. Questi ultimi non contavano tanto di vincere la battaglia, quanto di riuscire ad aprirsi un varco e raggiungere le Fiandre.

La cavalleria di Mansfeld aprì la battaglia con furiosi assalti al centro. I tercios furono costretti a raggrupparsi per la difesa, rendendosi facili bersagli per l'artiglieria protestante. Tuttavia la cavalleria di Mansfeld veniva colpita dal fuoco d'infilata dei moschettieri spagnoli appostati nei boschi e dietro i carriaggi e l'assalto protestante si stava rivelando inefficace. Sul fianco destro, Cristiano di Brunswick tentò di rompere il blocco guidando i suoi corazzieri in quattro cariche contro la più debole cavalleria spagnola e vallona e una quinta e una sesta carica contro la fanteria. Il disegno è ambientato durante una di queste cariche. In primo piano si può vedere Cristiano, che indossa un'obsoleta armatura di fabbricazione inglese (nota come armatura di Greenwhich), donatagli dal principe del Galles, Enrico Federico (morto nel 1612). Qui c'è il ritratto del 1623 al quale mi sono ispirato (upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia… ).
E' improbabile che un oggetto di tale pregio venisse indossato in battaglia, ma ho comunque deciso di dare al duca un aspetto che lo distinguesse la look "standard" (ma sicuramente più realistico) dei tipici corazzieri in armatura nera delle prime fasi della Guerra dei Trent'anni.

"Tolle Christian", ovvero Cristiano il pazzo, era il soprannome affibbiato al duca dai cattolici.
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:iconlibra1010:
Libra1010 Featured By Owner Aug 17, 2014
 Another very splendid image!
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:iconfritzvicari:
FritzVicari Featured By Owner Aug 17, 2014  Hobbyist
Thank you very much, again :)
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:iconlibra1010:
Libra1010 Featured By Owner Aug 17, 2014
 Once again thank you very kindly for posting such excellent images for our appreciation.:) (Smile) 
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:iconroger-raven:
Roger-Raven Featured By Owner Oct 15, 2013
With suchshort arms and his golden armor, Christian looks like Tyrion Lannister
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:iconfritzvicari:
FritzVicari Featured By Owner Oct 17, 2013  Hobbyist
Ahah, but can Tyrion ride a horse into battle? 
On second thought, nah, don't tell me, I haven't read the books and I wouldn't like to know spoilers. :D
Reply
:iconroger-raven:
Roger-Raven Featured By Owner Oct 14, 2013
Excelent work! I'll follow you in deviantart!
This month editorial Almena (Spain) just published a book about the battle of Fleurus. Today I bought it, and I'll start comenting!
Reply
:iconfritzvicari:
FritzVicari Featured By Owner Oct 14, 2013  Hobbyist
I'm glad someone is interested in covering generally overlooked events such as those happened during the Palatinate campaign, even if that may will probably put my amateur work ion shame! :D I've tried to follow the sources I've managed to find, I hope I did to the event justice. 
Soon enough I'll cover the famous siege of Breda using a "Guerreros y Batallas" book I've managed to find during a trip in Spain as the main source. 

Thank you very much for your support!
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:iconyurisc:
Yurisc Featured By Owner Aug 8, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
What's up with the white spots on the grass?
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:iconfritzvicari:
FritzVicari Featured By Owner Aug 8, 2013  Hobbyist
If they're little, that's my scarce ability with colours. If you mean the big one on the left, a cheap representation of smoke. ;)
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:iconyurisc:
Yurisc Featured By Owner Aug 8, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Yeah, I meant the two big ones on the left.
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