Deviant Login Shop  Join deviantART for FREE Take the Tour
×
  • Art Print
  • Canvas
  • Photo
Download JPG 4585 × 3009



Details

Submitted on
October 13, 2012
Image Size
7.5 MB
Resolution
4585×3009
Link
Thumb
Embed

Stats

Views
2,920 (7 today)
Favourites
34 (who?)
Comments
9
Downloads
47

License

Creative Commons License
Some rights reserved. This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License.
×
The Day the Gods Triumphed, Durbe, Livonia, 1260 by FritzVicari The Day the Gods Triumphed, Durbe, Livonia, 1260 by FritzVicari
ENGLISH:

THE BATTLE OF DURBE

On the 13 of July, 1260, one of the greatest battle of eastern european XIII century was fought on the southern shores of lake Durbe, in present day Latvia. A large army of crusaders, led by the Meister of Livonia, Burchardt von Hornhausen, not much differently from the Battle of Saule, was trapped in swampy terrain and was fastly surrounded by a Samogitian army. With lay knights unwilling to fight on foot and Curionians allied fleeing, the Teutons had no chance. 150 knights of the Teutonic Order died that day, including von Hornhausen, along with hundred of lay crusaders.
The battle started the Great Prussian Uprising, a period of war and crysis for the Orders in the east, which lasted for about thirty years.

AKNOWLEDGEMENTS

In the drawing, the Samogitians charges in. By the middle of the XIII century, mounted skirmishers would have been present as well in a baltic army, but the majority of an army would have fought afoot. In the banner you'll recognize a baltic fashioned swastika, which represented, as usual, the sun, while the octagon you can barely on the second man from left shield stood for the moon. The shields were mainly round, made of wood and leather. Still, widespread in the baltic regions, the so called Lithuanian pavise was present as well, trapezoidal or with rounded angles. The man in the centre of the drawing is clearly the leader, wearing the most costly equipment, included a face masked helmet, an iron lamellar armour and a chain mail. You cannot see his face, as is it not known who led the Samogitians that day. All the helmets are based on archaeological evidences along with swords and axes, while the clothes and armours relies mainly on lithuanian reenactments and reconstructions.


ITALIANO:

LA BATTAGLIA DI DURBE

Il 13 luglio 1260 venne combattuta, sulla costa meridionale del lago di Durbe (attuale Lettonia), una delle più grandi battaglie in Europa orientale del XIII secolo. Un grande esercito crociato, guidato dal Maestro di Livonia, Burchardt von Hornhausen, similmente a quanto accaduto nella battaglia di Saule del 1236, si fece intrappolare e circondare dai Samogizi su un terreno paludoso. Con i cavalieri laici che preferirono non smontare dalle pesanti cavalcature e gli alleati curoni in fuga, il destino dell'esercito cristiano era segnato. 150 cavalieri teutonici, incluso von Hornhausen, caddero quel giorno insieme a centinaia di cavalieri e fanti laici. La battaglia di Durbe diede lo slancio necessario alla Grande Rivolta Prussiana del 1260: per oltre trent'anni gli ordini militari dovettero combattere una guerra spietata per ristabilire la loro egemonia sul Baltico.

APPROFONDIMENTI

Nel disegno, la carica di un gruppo di Samogizi. Sebbene per la metà del XIII secolo fossero presenti unità di cavalleria leggera armate di giavellotti - fondamentali a Saule - gli eserciti baltici combattevano principalmente appiedati. Nella bandiera potrete riconoscere una svastica balticheggiante, che rappresentava il sole, mentre l'ottagono sullo scudo del secondo uomo da sinistra rappresentava la luna. Gli scudi dei baltici erano ancora principalmente rotondi, in legno e pelle. Più caratteristici della regione, i pavesi lituani, simili in tutto a quelli occidentali se non nelle ridotte dimensioni, sia ovoidali che trapezoidali. L'uomo al centro del disegno, il leader, indossa l'equipaggiamento più costoso: una spada, un elmo con una maschera facciale, un'armatura lamellare in ferro e una cotta di maglia. Il suo viso non è visibile per simboleggiare il fatto che l'identità del condottiero samogizio a Durbe è ancora oggi sostanzialmente sconosciuta.
Tutti gli elmi, le spade, le asce e persino il grosso falcione appeso alla cintura del portabandiera sono basati su ritrovamenti archeologici, mentre le armature (in ferro e pelle) e i costumi sono basati su ricostruzioni e rievocazioni storiche lituane.
Add a Comment:
 
:iconstankothegreat:
StankoTheGreat Featured By Owner Dec 29, 2013  Hobbyist Artisan Crafter
Awesome drawing, and awesome piece of history. :D
Reply
:iconfritzvicari:
FritzVicari Featured By Owner Dec 29, 2013  Hobbyist
Thank you! Good to hear someone else liking medieval Baltic! 
Reply
:iconstankothegreat:
StankoTheGreat Featured By Owner Dec 29, 2013  Hobbyist Artisan Crafter
Yes, of course! I actually do 13th Century Eastern European reenactment/living history, so it interests me greatly!
Reply
:icon9erchamion:
9Erchamion Featured By Owner Dec 22, 2013
very cool =)
Reply
:iconfritzvicari:
FritzVicari Featured By Owner Dec 22, 2013  Hobbyist
Thanks!
Reply
:iconfarcelet:
farcelet Featured By Owner Mar 24, 2013  Professional General Artist
This might be your best one yet. The lighting is especially good, with the beams coming through the forest on the left - the sense of depth is really excellent, as is movement. Can't wait for more like this!

(Did you use charcoal for the two front shields? Love the effect!)
Reply
:iconfritzvicari:
FritzVicari Featured By Owner Mar 24, 2013  Hobbyist
Thank you!
I used standard Staedtler pencils - 2b, 3b and 4b - even if I don't remember exactly which one I used for those shields. They are not charcoal, but you can get a similar effect with the correct pressure. As for the light beams, a dirty trick: a rubber. :D
Reply
:iconmoesia:
MOESIA Featured By Owner Jan 12, 2013
Very impressive! Stressed by pen is so interesting
Reply
:iconfritzvicari:
FritzVicari Featured By Owner Jan 12, 2013  Hobbyist
Thank you very much, I'm glad you liked it! ;)
Reply
Add a Comment: