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Las Lanzas (The Conquerors of Breda), June 5, 1625 by FritzVicari Las Lanzas (The Conquerors of Breda), June 5, 1625 by FritzVicari
ENGLISH (based on M. Diaz Gavier, Breda 1625, inspired by 1635 masterpiece La Rendicion de Breda also known as Las Lanzas by D.Velasquez and A. Perez-Reverte novel, El Sol de Breda):

The assault of Terheijden was the last attempt of the Dutchmen to force the spanish siege lines. In the next weeks, the food in Breda was beginning to end and Spinola was alerted by his spies inside the city that the surrender was nigh. On May 27, Frederick Henry of Nassau burned his camp and retreated. Breda was now alone. Spinola presented very favorable conditions of surrender: the garrison and Justin of Nassau were free to leave the city with their baggage, together with the non-catholic citizens who didn't want to be forced to live under the catholic religion. The general was criticized for his kindness, which came to point of denying his soldiers to mock the defeated defenders of Breda and, most of all, the looting of the town - which they would have obtained having Breda been taken by storm.

Anyway, on June 5, 1625, Breda's garrison exited the city by the Hertogenbosch gate.
General Spinola met Justin of Nassau and his sons and gently saluted them. The dutchmen then bowed their pikes and flags as a sign of respect to the victors. This moment has been made unforgottable by the masterpiece painting of Diego Velasquez, to , which I gave an humble tribute. The idea of this drawing came to my mind years ago and is inspired by the last pages of Perez-Reverte's El Sol de Breda. I've portrayed the same scene, only inverted. While in the original painting, Spinola, his officers and Nassau were the protagonists, in my drawing they are mere background or unseen: the ragged, tired, scarred yet proud anonymous soldiers of the Tercios, of which Velasquez only showed the pikes: the true conquerors of Breda.

A couple of notes: the flag of Spinola's Tercio (barely visible on the left) wasn't in use anymore in 1625, so it should be considered an anachronism. Justin of Nassau, differently from how Velasquez portrayed him, was probably bald in 1625, according to a portrait of the same year: this time I followed historical reality. Same for the hill,on which Velasquez's painting take place, an artistic licence to show a panorama of the besieged Breda: it never existed.

Thus ended the siege of Breda, but the war in the Flanders continued...and a new war in Germany was about to begin.

ITALIANO (basato su M. Diaz Gavier, Breda 1625, ispirato al capolavoro del 1635, La Rendicion de Breda noto anche come Las Lanzas, di D.Velasquez e sul romanzo di A. Perez-Reverte, El Sol de Breda ) :

L'assalto di Terheijden fu l'ultimo tentativo degli olandesi di forzare le linee d'assedio spagnolo. Nelle settimane successive, il cibo a Breda iniziò ad avvicinarsi alla fine e Spinola, tramite le sue spie all'interno delle mura, lo sapeva. Il 27 maggio, Federico Enrico di Nassau, bruciato il suo campo, si ritirò. Breda era ormai sola. Spinola presentò condizioni molto favorevoli di resa: la guarnigione e Giustino di Nassau erano liberi di lasciare la città con il loro bagaglio, insieme ai cittadini che non volevano essere costretti a vivere sotto la religione cattolica. Il generale venne criticato per la sua magnanimità, che arrivò a negare ai propri soldati persino di sbeffeggiare i difensori di Breda, e, cosa più importante, il saccheggio della città - che sarebbe senz'altro avvenuto se Breda fosse stata presa d'assalto.

Comunque, il 5 giugno 1625, la guarnigione di Breda uscì dalla città per la porta di Hertogenbosch.
Il generale Spinola incontrò Giustino di Nassau e i suoi figli e li salutò cordialmente. Gli olandesi, ricambiando l'omaggio, abbassarono le picche e le bandiere in segno di rispetto per i vincitori. Questo momento è stato scolpito nell'immaginario collettivo dal capolavoro di Diego Velasquez,  che qui ho deciso di omaggiare, assai umilmente. L'idea di questo disegno mi è venuta in mente anni fa ed è ispirata alle ultime pagine del romanzo di Perez-Reverte, El Sol de Breda. Ho ritratta la stessa scena, ma l'ho invertita. Mentre nel dipinto originale Spinola, i suoi ufficiali e Nassau sono i protagonisti assoluti, nel mio disegno non sono che lo sfondo o addirittura non si vedono: i protagonisti qui sono i laceri, sudici e fieri soldati dei Tercio, dei quali Velasquez non mostrava che la punta delle picche: i veri conquistatori di Breda.

Un paio di note: la bandiera del Tercio di Spinola (appena visibile a sinistra) non era più in uso nel 1625, ma ho voluto replicare l'anacronismo di Velasquez. Giustino di Nassau, diversamente da come Velasquez lo ritrasse, probabilmente era quasi calvo nel 1625, così come lo mostra un ritratto dello stesso anno: questa volta ho seguito realtà storica. Lo stesso vale per la collina dove Velasquez ambientava il suo dipinto, una licenza artistica per mostrare un panorama della Breda assediata.

Terminò così l'assedio di Breda, ma la guerra in Fiandre era ancora lungi dal finire... e la guerra in Germania stava già per ricominciare.
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:iconorphydian:
Orphydian Featured By Owner Apr 5, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
masterly done
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:iconfritzvicari:
FritzVicari Featured By Owner Apr 5, 2014  Hobbyist
Thank you!
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:icongabbanoche:
Gabbanoche Featured By Owner Mar 21, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
"they changed the spears to flags" Or whatever it is they say in Alatriste.
This one is quite good, i like it! And i really like the grass, might sound like a stupid thing to comment on a pic like this. But you really made the grass feel lively.
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:iconfritzvicari:
FritzVicari Featured By Owner Mar 21, 2014  Hobbyist
Thank you!
Nah, it's not stupid and I'm glad to hear that. I always try to make it as realistic as possible, even if with simple pencil lines. I'm glad it worked this time! 
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:icongabbanoche:
Gabbanoche Featured By Owner Mar 21, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
You are more than welcome!
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:iconroger-raven:
Roger-Raven Featured By Owner Mar 21, 2014
Really the Dutch lowered the lances that same moment?
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:iconfritzvicari:
FritzVicari Featured By Owner Mar 21, 2014  Hobbyist
In the short book by Diaz Gavier it seems like they lowered the lances at the same moment, answering the courtesy of Spinola and homaging the victors' valor. You can see the dutch lowering the lances in the middle of Velasquez painting too, just behind Justin's head. I don't think the lances were lowered so much that they touched the ground, though, that's just some kind of license I've taken :)
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:iconroger-raven:
Roger-Raven Featured By Owner Mar 23, 2014
looks great, anyway. Breda was a bloody affair for both sides.
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:iconfritzvicari:
FritzVicari Featured By Owner Mar 23, 2014  Hobbyist
Thank you!
Reply
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