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Ein sonderliches Stratagem, Waidheim, July 1621 by FritzVicari Ein sonderliches Stratagem, Waidheim, July 1621 by FritzVicari
ENGLISH (based on Art of Warre's review of W.Krüssmann, Ernst von Mansfeld (1580-1626) [link]):

Ernst von Mansfeld, the protestant general you may remember for the conquest of Pilsen ([link]) and the defeat of Slabat ([link]), returned under Frederick's command and spent the winter of 1620/21 in the Upper Palatinate. He recruited new recruits and, lacking funds, he pillaged the land to sustain the army. By May, Maximilian of Bavaria in the Lower Palatinate and Tilly from Bohemia menaced to destroy Von Mansfeld with a pincer manouver. Von Mansfeld moved his forces near the Waidheim pass, which led to Bohemia, in July. A series of unresolutive skirmishes followed, as Von Mansfeld held his ground against Tilly's might.
Von Mansfeld's shortages of horses is behind an interesting military episode. Tilly's cavalry were provoked into an incautious charge into the weak mansfelder cavalry in a no match contest. But when the catholics sped up for the charge, the protestants' ranks opened, revealing a line of musketeers ready to deal a devastating salvo at close range, which break the charge and forced the enemy to regroup.
This original tactic, reported by Krüssmann, anticipated Gustavus Adolphus' deployed musketeers, units of infantry which were deployed to support the weak swedish cavalry in the Polish and German campaigns.

In the drawing, you can see mansfelder musketeers supported by calivermen preparing to shoot incoming imperial cuirassiers, while the protestant cavalry splits.


ITALIANO (basato sulla recensione del volume di W.Krüssmann, Ernst von Mansfeld (1580-1626) a cura del blog Art of Warre's [link]):

Ernst von Mansfeld, il generale protestante che ricorderete per la conquista di Pilsen ([link]) e la sconfitta di Slabat [link]), tornato sotto il comando di Federico, trascorse l'inverno del 1620/21 nell'Alto Palatinato, reclutando forze fresche che manteneva, in mancanza di fondi, con il saccheggio sistematico. A maggio, Massimiliano di Baviera nel Palatinato Inferiore e Tilly dalla Boemia minacciavano di distruggere Von Mansfeld con una manovra a tenaglia. Von Mansfeld mosse le sue forze verso il passo di Waidheim, che portava alla Boemia, nel mese di luglio. Seguirono una serie di scaramucce non decisive, con Tilly che cercava di erodere le posizioni fortificate di Von Mansfeld.
La carenza di un adeguato numero di cavalli è l'antefatto di questo episodio. La potente cavalleria di Tilly, infatti, venne provocata a caricare i deboli cavalli di Mansfeld, potendo contare su una sicura vittoria. Ma quando i cattolici accelerarono per la carica, i ranghi della cavalleria protestante si aprirono, rivelando una fila di moschettieri pronti al fuoco che fino a quel momento erano rimasti nascosti in mezzo alla cavalleria e che scaricarono sui cavalieri imperiali una potente salva che spezzò i loro ranghi e spezzò l'impeto della carica.
Questa originale tattica, riportata da Krüssmann, anticipa Gustavo Adolfo e i suoi moschettieri di supporto, piccole unità di fanteria schierate a sostegno della debole cavalleria svedese nelle campagne polacche e tedesche.

Nel disegno si vedono alcuni moschettieri, supportati da archibugieri, che si preparano a sparare ai corazzieri imperiali, mentre la cavalleria protestante si divide davanti a loro.
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:iconroger-raven:
Roger-Raven Featured By Owner Jan 8, 2014
That tactic was used also in the Napoleonic wars, and behind the horses, there were cannons...

Good and lively work as always!
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:iconfritzvicari:
FritzVicari Featured By Owner Jan 8, 2014  Hobbyist
Thank you! Which episode are you referring? I admit that I'm pretty ignorant on the details of Napoleonic wars - with all those uniforms, which sometimes differ only in little details, it's a topic that I'm pretty frightened to explore further than the historical bases, especially graphically. :D
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:iconfarcelet:
farcelet Featured By Owner May 1, 2013  Professional General Artist
Good looking picture buddy! Real nice work on the perspective of the rifles too.
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:iconfritzvicari:
FritzVicari Featured By Owner May 1, 2013  Hobbyist
Thank you very much, even if I have to admit I've been helped a lot by this movie sequence [link] ;)
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:iconfarcelet:
farcelet Featured By Owner May 12, 2013  Professional General Artist
Sorry for the late replies! Hah I see, well it came out great one way or another - that's all that matters!
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:iconcapturedjoe:
CapturedJoe Featured By Owner Apr 26, 2013
I'm sure I've seen or heard of a tactic like this before, but I can't remember when it was used. It is a very cool and interesting event, IMHO. As is your representation of it!

(Also, I see that the Musketeer on the right (or is it a Caliverman?) has an axe instead of a sword. Interesting details, as always.)
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:iconfritzvicari:
FritzVicari Featured By Owner Apr 26, 2013  Hobbyist
Thank you for your feedback!

The axe is inspired by the descriptions of Swedish soldiers in Poland in Brzezinski's book, I've found it pretty interesting - I'm not sure every ragged musketeer, especially in a not-so-rich and looting based army such as the one Mansfeld was raising, could afford a fine sword. :D
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